Finnish Journal of Social Research <p><span class="rpHighlightAllClass rpHighlightSubjectClass" title="" role="heading" aria-level="2">Finnish Journal of Social Research </span>is an annually published peer-reviewed journal focusing on research articles relevant to Finnish society. Its scope is multi-disciplinary, covering sociology, political science, and economics, as well as the other social sciences. The articles published in the journal are to be based on high-quality data and appropriate methods, quantitative or qualitative. All published articles are double-blind peer reviewed by at least two experts. <br><br>We accept submissions throughout the year. Articles will be published online (advance access) once they have been accepted.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>When submitting the final (accepted) version of their manuscript to Finnish Journal of Social Research, authors agree to the following terms: <br><br>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in Finnish Journal of Social Research. <br>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Finnish Journal of Social Research. <br><br>These terms are in effect from September 2020. For articles published before this time, copyright is shared between the journal and the authors.</p> (Editorial team) (Editorial team) Wed, 22 Dec 2021 15:20:13 +0200 OJS 60 Finnish education system as seen from an Indonesian perspective <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">The aim of this paper is to discuss the Finnish education system from an Indonesian perspective, and consider what citizens, notably from middle-income countries, may learn from the Finnish system. The source material is the author’s book, which provides an Indonesian perspective on the Finnish education system, supplemented by discussions from webinars and weekly Instagram Live discussions on the topic. It is known that education is part of a country’s culture, thus the Finnish education system cannot simply be implemented as such in another place. Yet there certainly are elements that can be adopted to the local culture, in this case, in Indonesia. The different models of education in Finland and Indonesia are compared to conclude with lessons that we can learn from Finland, notably regarding a sustainable future and the possibility of learning simple daily life skills. </span></p> </div> </div> </div> Ratih Adiputri Copyright (c) 2021 Ratih Adiputri Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 In search of healthcare system ideal types — Changeable classifications and dimensions <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">This article aims to classify the healthcare systems of 43 developed economies into different healthcare system types, and to examine whether the dimensions of health system characteristics produce coherent </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">health system classification when the dimensions are observed separately. We group health systems into different types based on their institutional structures and performance using healthcare financing, </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">healthcare provision and health outcomes as dimensions of the health system characteristics. Unlike </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">previous classifications, we classify </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">each dimension separately using hierarchical cluster analysis. In </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">particular dimensions, our results resemble those found in previous classifications. However, no coherent </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">clustering of healthcare systems was found across the three dimensions. The results show that healthcare system dimensions differ from each other and each of them form their unique system types. Separating </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">the dimensions helps detecting connections between the healthcare system types and phenomena being </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">studied. It is relevant to note the differences of health system dimensions while discuss</span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">ing healthcare </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">system classifications. </span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Terveydenhuoltojärjestelmien ideaalimalleja etsimässä — Häilyvät luokittelut ja ulottuvuudet</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrakti</strong></p> <p>Tämän artikkelin tavoitteena on (1) luokitella 43 kehittyneen maan terveydenhuoltojärjestelmiä eri terveydenhuoltojärjestelmätyyppeihin ja (2) tarkastella tuottavatko järjestelmien ulottuvuudet yhtenäisen terveysjärjestelmäluokittelun myös silloin, kun luokittelu tapahtuu kunkin ulottuvuuden perusteella. Luokittelemme terveysjärjestelmät eri tyyppeihin niiden institutionaalisten rakenteiden ja suorituskyvyn perusteella. Terveysjärjestelmäpiirteiden ulottuvuuksina käytämme terveydenhuollon rahoitusta, terveydenhuollon järjestämistapoja ja kansalaisten terveydentilaa. Toisin kuin aiemmissa luokitteluissa, luokittelemme jokaisen ulottuvuuden erikseen klusterianalyysin keinoin. Tuloksemme ovat osittain samankaltaisia aiempien tutkimustulosten kanssa. Yhtenäistä terveydenhuoltojärjestelmien ryhmittelyä ei kuitenkaan löytynyt mainittujen kolmen ulottuvuuden kesken. Tulokset osoittavat, että terveydenhuoltojärjestelmien ulottuvuudet eroavat toisistaan ja jokainen niistä muodostaa omat ainutlaatuiset järjestelmämallinsa. Ulottuvuuksien erotteleminen auttaa tunnistamaan yhteyksiä terveydenhuoltojärjestelmätyyppien ja niihin kytkeytyvien ilmiöiden välillä. Olennaista on kiinnittää huomiota terveysjärjestelmien ulottuvuuksien välisiin eroihin terveydenhuoltojärjestelmien luokittelussa.</p> <p><strong>Avainsanat:</strong> terveydenhuoltojärjestelmätypologia, terveydenhuoltojärjestelmäluokittelu, terveydenhuoltojärjestelmämallit, hierarkkinen klusterianalyysi, terveydenhuoltojärjestelmien ulottuvuudet</p> </div> </div> </div> Iris Moolla, Heikki Hiilamo, Antti Kouvo Copyright (c) 2021 Iris Moolla, Heikki Hiilamo, Antti Kouvo Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Metagovernance challenges in regional development: A comparison of Sweden, Denmark and Finland <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">Regional councils collaborate with municipalities, government agencies, universities, non-governmental organisations, and businesses when forming regional development policies in Nordic countries. Political representatives use metagovernance to steer this collaborative process, but previous research shows that politicians often struggle with metagovernance. There are few empirical studies on metagovernance and little is known about how institutional context affects it. This article comparatively explores the political metagovernance of regional development in Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, studying what metagovernance challenges politicians encounter and how institutional contexts shape their perceptions. The study uses survey data from 1006 regional council representatives, which are analysed using a mixed- methods approach. Findings reveal common metagovernance challenges in regional development, but also show the importance of institutional context. The regional councils’ institutional capacity has a clear impact: Danish and Finnish representatives request more formal powers and resources to develop their metagovernance role, while this is less of an issue among Swedish representatives. </span></p> </div> </div> </div> Emily Sundqvist Copyright (c) 2021 Emily Sundqvist Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Conflicting discourses — Social constructions of corruption in Finland <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">The Nordic countries are generally regarded as beacons of anti-corruption. This perception also applies to Finland, where corruption is said to be conspicuous by its absence. The article at hand, however, conveys a more nuanced picture of corruption in Finland. It delves into opinions submitted during the formulation </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">of the Finnish anti-corruption strategy, identifying two conflicting corruption-related discourses. The </span><span style="font-size: 10.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">analysis shows that corruption is a contested concept and that views on corruption prevalence and the need for anti-corruption measures vary greatly within the national context. The article illustrates the struggle between national corruption discourses, arguing that such discourses and their overall context should be analysed thoroughly if corruption efforts are to be grounded in their setting and successful. This is the case regardless of context and thus applicable also to countries perceived as “clean and honest”. </span></p> </div> </div> </div> Catharina Groop Copyright (c) 2021 Catharina Groop Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Finland from inside and out <p>Editorial note</p> Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Iida Kukkonen, Outi Sarpila Copyright (c) 2021 Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Iida Kukkonen, Outi Sarpila Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200