Finnish Journal of Social Research <p><span class="rpHighlightAllClass rpHighlightSubjectClass" title="" role="heading" aria-level="2">Finnish Journal of Social Research </span>is an annually published peer-reviewed journal focusing on research articles relevant to Finnish society. Its scope is multi-disciplinary, covering sociology, political science, and economics, as well as the other social sciences. The articles published in the journal are to be based on high-quality data and appropriate methods, quantitative or qualitative. All published articles are double-blind peer reviewed by at least two experts. <br><br>We accept submissions throughout the year. Articles will be published online (advance access) once they have been accepted.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Turun korkeakoulujen yhteiskunnallistaloudellinen tutkimusyhdistys ry en-US Finnish Journal of Social Research 2736-9749 <p>When submitting the final (accepted) version of their manuscript to Finnish Journal of Social Research, authors agree to the following terms: <br><br>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in Finnish Journal of Social Research. <br>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Finnish Journal of Social Research. <br><br>These terms are in effect from September 2020. For articles published before this time, copyright is shared between the journal and the authors.</p> Dissolution of expressive and instrumental voluntary associations: Four key dimensions in explaining organizational change <p>This study inspects the reasons as for why voluntary associations end their activity and dissolve as legal entities. The empirical data was gathered through semi-structured interviews with former leaders of 30 organizations in Estonia and Finland. To appreciate the sector’s diversity, the analysis makes a distinction between associations with mainly expressive, and those with mainly instrumental functions. Causes for the associations’ dissolution fall into four different categories related to (1) the association as a social entity, (2) resources, (3) goals and (4) environment. Reasons belonging to the first category of internal, social reasons, such as problems of leadership, internal organization and membership recruitment were the most common ones. However, several reasons often intertwined. A comparison between associations of different types showed that expressive associations were most often threatened by causes in the first category, while they were surprisingly immune to the other ones. <br>Instrumental associations are dependent on other actors and external circumstances, and the reasons for their dissolution are likely to be related to problems with resource acquisition, goals or environments.</p> Dan Sundblom Mikko Lagerspetz Liisi Keedus Erle Rikmann Copyright (c) 2020 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 13 9 24 10.51815/fjsr.110791 Revisiting universalism in the Finnish education system <p>The aim of the article is to revisit the principle of universalism and analyze how it has changed in the legislation on compulsory education by asking: how are different characteristics of universalism emphasized in the basic education legislation and parliamentary discussion (in 1968, 1982 and 1997)? The analysis portrays the varieties of universalism within the comprehensive school, produced by the four instruments used to govern education (legislation, economy, ideology and evaluatory). According to the analysis, the foundation of the comprehensive school system in the 1960s was laid on uniform content and aims at the ideological level, emphasizing equality of education. The 1980s was a transition phase between ‘old’ and ‘new’ universalism, when instruments of legal and economic governance enabled the expansion of universalism and increased costs. Simultaneously, the aims of the comprehensive system and its contents were increasingly set at the local level. We conclude that the ‘new’ comprehension of universalism in the 1990s entailed issues such as the rise of the evaluation of education, local economy of education and individualism.</p> Mira Kalalahti Janne Varjo Copyright (c) 2020 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 13 25 40 10.51815/fjsr.110792 Academic work and the (unequal) impacts of COVID-19 Elina Kilpi-Jakonen Iida Kukkonen Outi Sarpila Copyright (c) 2020 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 13 5 8 10.51815/fjsr.110790 The transformational potential of universities in a turbulent world: The University of Turku in 2030 Jukka Kola Copyright (c) 2020 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 13 41 46 10.51815/fjsr.110793 The role of the university in the 2020s Moira von Wright Copyright (c) 2020 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 13 47 51 10.51815/fjsr.110794